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17.6. Implementing Entities

The Role Demo sample uses Doctrine ORM for managing database. We have already learned how to use Doctrine in Database Management with Doctrine ORM.

For storing information about roles and permissions in database, we will create the Role and Permission entities. The Role entity is mapped onto the role database table, while the Permission entity is mapped onto the permission table. Those are typical Doctrine entity classes.

Create the Role.php file inside the Entity directory under the User module's source directory. Put the following code into that file:

<?php
namespace User\Entity;

use Doctrine\ORM\Mapping as ORM;
use Doctrine\Common\Collections\ArrayCollection;

/**
 * This class represents a role.
 * @ORM\Entity()
 * @ORM\Table(name="role")
 */
class Role
{
    /**
     * @ORM\Id
     * @ORM\Column(name="id")
     * @ORM\GeneratedValue
     */
    protected $id;

    /** 
     * @ORM\Column(name="name")  
     */
    protected $name;
    
    /** 
     * @ORM\Column(name="description")  
     */
    protected $description;

    /** 
     * @ORM\Column(name="date_created")  
     */
    protected $dateCreated;

    /**
     * @ORM\ManyToMany(targetEntity="User\Entity\Role")
     * @ORM\JoinTable(name="role_hierarchy",
     *      joinColumns={@ORM\JoinColumn(name="child_role_id", referencedColumnName="id")},
     *      inverseJoinColumns={@ORM\JoinColumn(name="parent_role_id", referencedColumnName="id")}
     *      )
     */
    private $parentRoles;
    
    /**
     * @ORM\ManyToMany(targetEntity="User\Entity\Role")
     * @ORM\JoinTable(name="role_hierarchy",
     *      joinColumns={@ORM\JoinColumn(name="parent_role_id", referencedColumnName="id")},
     *      inverseJoinColumns={@ORM\JoinColumn(name="child_role_id", referencedColumnName="id")}
     *      )
     */
    protected $childRoles;
    
    /**
     * @ORM\ManyToMany(targetEntity="User\Entity\Permission")
     * @ORM\JoinTable(name="role_permission",
     *      joinColumns={@ORM\JoinColumn(name="role_id", referencedColumnName="id")},
     *      inverseJoinColumns={@ORM\JoinColumn(name="permission_id", referencedColumnName="id")}
     *      )
     */
    private $permissions;
    
    /**
     * Constructor.
     */
    public function __construct() 
    {
        $this->parentRoles = new ArrayCollection();
        $this->childRoles = new ArrayCollection();
        $this->permissions = new ArrayCollection();
    }
    
    /**
     * Returns role ID.
     * @return integer
     */
    public function getId() 
    {
        return $this->id;
    }

    /**
     * Sets role ID. 
     * @param int $id    
     */
    public function setId($id) 
    {
        $this->id = $id;
    }

    public function getName()
    {
        return $this->name;
    }
    
    public function setName($name)
    {
        $this->name = $name;
    }
    
    public function getDescription()
    {
        return $this->description;
    }
    
    public function setDescription($description)
    {
        $this->description = $description;
    }
    
    public function getDateCreated()
    {
        return $this->dateCreated;
    }
    
    public function setDateCreated($dateCreated)
    {
        $this->dateCreated = $dateCreated;
    }
    
    public function getParentRoles()
    {
        return $this->parentRoles;
    }
    
    public function getChildRoles()
    {
        return $this->childRoles;
    }
    
    public function getPermissions()
    {
        return $this->permissions;
    }
    
    public function addParent(Role $role)
    {
        if ($this->getId() == $role->getId()) {
            return false;
        }
        if (!$this->hasParent($role)) {
            $this->parentRoles[] = $role;
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    public function clearParentRoles()
    {
        $this->parentRoles = new ArrayCollection();
    }

    public function hasParent(Role $role)
    {
        if ($this->getParentRoles()->contains($role)) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
}

As you could determine from the code above, the Role entity is a typical Doctrine entity having annotated properties and getter and setter methods for retrieving/setting those properties.

Next, create the Permission.php file inside the Entity directory under the User module's source directory. Put the following code into that file:

<?php
namespace User\Entity;

use Doctrine\ORM\Mapping as ORM;
use Doctrine\Common\Collections\ArrayCollection;

/**
 * This class represents a permission.
 * @ORM\Entity()
 * @ORM\Table(name="permission")
 */
class Permission
{
    /**
     * @ORM\Id
     * @ORM\Column(name="id")
     * @ORM\GeneratedValue
     */
    protected $id;

    /** 
     * @ORM\Column(name="name")  
     */
    protected $name;
    
    /** 
     * @ORM\Column(name="description")  
     */
    protected $description;

    /** 
     * @ORM\Column(name="date_created")  
     */
    protected $dateCreated;
    
    /**
     * @ORM\ManyToMany(targetEntity="User\Entity\Role")
     * @ORM\JoinTable(name="role_permission",
     *      joinColumns={@ORM\JoinColumn(name="permission_id", referencedColumnName="id")},
     *      inverseJoinColumns={@ORM\JoinColumn(name="role_id", referencedColumnName="id")}
     *      )
     */
    private $roles;

    /**
     * Constructor.
     */
    public function __construct() 
    {
        $this->roles = new ArrayCollection();
    }
    
    public function getId() 
    {
        return $this->id;
    }

    public function setId($id) 
    {
        $this->id = $id;
    }

    public function getName()
    {
        return $this->name;
    }
    
    public function setName($name)
    {
        $this->name = $name;
    }
    
    public function getDescription()
    {
        return $this->description;
    }
    
    public function setDescription($description)
    {
        $this->description = $description;
    }
    
    public function getDateCreated()
    {
        return $this->dateCreated;
    }
    
    public function setDateCreated($dateCreated)
    {
        $this->dateCreated = $dateCreated;
    }
    
    public function getRoles()
    {
        return $this->roles;
    }
}

Finally, we will slightly extend the User entity that already created in the User Demo website and add the property and methods related to roles:

<?php
namespace User\Entity;

use Doctrine\ORM\Mapping as ORM;
use Doctrine\Common\Collections\ArrayCollection;

/**
 * This class represents a registered user.
 * @ORM\Entity()
 * @ORM\Table(name="user")
 */
class User 
{
    // User status constants.
    const STATUS_ACTIVE       = 1; // Active user.
    const STATUS_RETIRED      = 2; // Retired user.
    
    /**
     * @ORM\Id
     * @ORM\Column(name="id")
     * @ORM\GeneratedValue
     */
    protected $id;

    /** 
     * @ORM\Column(name="email")  
     */
    protected $email;
    
    /** 
     * @ORM\Column(name="full_name")  
     */
    protected $fullName;

    /** 
     * @ORM\Column(name="password")  
     */
    protected $password;

    /** 
     * @ORM\Column(name="status")  
     */
    protected $status;
    
    /**
     * @ORM\Column(name="date_created")  
     */
    protected $dateCreated;
        
    /**
     * @ORM\Column(name="pwd_reset_token")  
     */
    protected $passwordResetToken;
    
    /**
     * @ORM\Column(name="pwd_reset_token_creation_date")  
     */
    protected $passwordResetTokenCreationDate;
    
    /**
     * @ORM\ManyToMany(targetEntity="User\Entity\Role")
     * @ORM\JoinTable(name="user_role",
     *      joinColumns={@ORM\JoinColumn(name="user_id", referencedColumnName="id")},
     *      inverseJoinColumns={@ORM\JoinColumn(name="role_id", referencedColumnName="id")}
     *      )
     */
    private $roles;
    
    /**
     * Constructor.
     */
    public function __construct() 
    {
        $this->roles = new ArrayCollection();
    }
    
    /**
     * Returns user ID.
     * @return integer
     */
    public function getId() 
    {
        return $this->id;
    }

    /**
     * Sets user ID. 
     * @param int $id    
     */
    public function setId($id) 
    {
        $this->id = $id;
    }

    /**
     * Returns email.     
     * @return string
     */
    public function getEmail() 
    {
        return $this->email;
    }

    /**
     * Sets email.     
     * @param string $email
     */
    public function setEmail($email) 
    {
        $this->email = $email;
    }
    
    /**
     * Returns full name.
     * @return string     
     */
    public function getFullName() 
    {
        return $this->fullName;
    }       

    /**
     * Sets full name.
     * @param string $fullName
     */
    public function setFullName($fullName) 
    {
        $this->fullName = $fullName;
    }
    
    /**
     * Returns status.
     * @return int     
     */
    public function getStatus() 
    {
        return $this->status;
    }

    /**
     * Returns possible statuses as array.
     * @return array
     */
    public static function getStatusList() 
    {
        return [
            self::STATUS_ACTIVE => 'Active',
            self::STATUS_RETIRED => 'Retired'
        ];
    }    
    
    /**
     * Returns user status as string.
     * @return string
     */
    public function getStatusAsString()
    {
        $list = self::getStatusList();
        if (isset($list[$this->status]))
            return $list[$this->status];
        
        return 'Unknown';
    }    
    
    /**
     * Sets status.
     * @param int $status     
     */
    public function setStatus($status) 
    {
        $this->status = $status;
    }   
    
    /**
     * Returns password.
     * @return string
     */
    public function getPassword() 
    {
       return $this->password; 
    }
    
    /**
     * Sets password.     
     * @param string $password
     */
    public function setPassword($password) 
    {
        $this->password = $password;
    }
    
    /**
     * Returns the date of user creation.
     * @return string     
     */
    public function getDateCreated() 
    {
        return $this->dateCreated;
    }
    
    /**
     * Sets the date when this user was created.
     * @param string $dateCreated     
     */
    public function setDateCreated($dateCreated) 
    {
        $this->dateCreated = $dateCreated;
    }    
    
    /**
     * Returns password reset token.
     * @return string
     */
    public function getResetPasswordToken()
    {
        return $this->passwordResetToken;
    }
    
    /**
     * Sets password reset token.
     * @param string $token
     */
    public function setPasswordResetToken($token) 
    {
        $this->passwordResetToken = $token;
    }
    
    /**
     * Returns password reset token's creation date.
     * @return string
     */
    public function getPasswordResetTokenCreationDate()
    {
        return $this->passwordResetTokenCreationDate;
    }
    
    /**
     * Sets password reset token's creation date.
     * @param string $date
     */
    public function setPasswordResetTokenCreationDate($date) 
    {
        $this->passwordResetTokenCreationDate = $date;
    }
    
    /**
     * Returns the array of roles assigned to this user.
     * @return array
     */
    public function getRoles()
    {
        return $this->roles;
    }
    
    /**
     * Returns the string of assigned role names.
     */
    public function getRolesAsString()
    {
        $roleList = '';
        
        $count = count($this->roles);
        $i = 0;
        foreach ($this->roles as $role) {
            $roleList .= $role->getName();
            if ($i<$count-1)
                $roleList .= ', ';
            $i++;
        }
        
        return $roleList;
    }
    
    /**
     * Assigns a role to user.
     */
    public function addRole($role)
    {
        $this->roles->add($role);
    }
}

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